Ghost of Teutoburg Forest massacre emerges after 2,000 years: Armour of Roman legionary who was 'sacrificed' by Germanic tribesmen and 'cooked in a pot' is found at site of battle where 20,000 soldiers from three legions where wiped out in 9 AD

 A near-complete set of Roman armour has been discovered by archaeologists working in Germany.

Experts working at Kalkriese, Germany, unearthed an entire cuirass belonging to a Roman soldier who belonged to one of three legions wiped out by Germanic tribesmen in 9 AD. 

A cuirass is a piece of armour that protects the front and back of the torso made up of a breast and back plate. 

A near-complete set of Roman armour (pictured) has been discovered by archaeologists working in Kalkriese, Germany

A near-complete set of Roman armour (pictured) has been discovered by archaeologists working in Kalkriese, Germany

The archaeological discovery is believed to be the oldest and most complete of its kind ever made

The archaeological discovery is believed to be the oldest and most complete of its kind ever made

The armour dates back to 9AD and is believed to have belonged to a Roman soldier involved in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

The armour dates back to 9AD and is believed to have belonged to a Roman soldier involved in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

Full set: The complete Roman cuirass discovered in Germany by archaeologists

Full set: The complete Roman cuirass discovered in Germany by archaeologists

A cuirass is a piece of armour that protects the front and back of the torso made up of a breast and back plate

A cuirass is a piece of armour that protects the front and back of the torso made up of a breast and back plate

The Times reports that the director of the museum at Kalkriese, Stefan Burmeister, thinks the armour belonged to a Roman soldier who was sacrificed by German warriors after the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.

He told the paper that the new find - which is the oldest and most complete Roman armour find ever - is both unique and tragic.

Near to the soldier's shoulders a shrew's fiddle was found which was used to lock a person's wrists in an iron board around the neck.

Given the value of the Roman armour, experts were left wondering why the Germanic warriors didn't loot any trophies, but Burmeister explained that the execution of the soldier may have been a sacred ritual.

The armour, believed to be the oldest and most complete ever, was discovered by archaeologists in Kalkriese which is believed to be the site of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD

The armour, believed to be the oldest and most complete ever, was discovered by archaeologists in Kalkriese which is believed to be the site of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD

An experts at the museum in museum at Kalkriese carefully works on a discovery

An experts at the museum in museum at Kalkriese carefully works on a discovery

Also discovered with the armour was a Roman shrew's fiddle (pictured) which was used to lock the hands of a person near to their neck

Also discovered with the armour was a Roman shrew's fiddle (pictured) which was used to lock the hands of a person near to their neck

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest: A painting in 1909 depicts the bloody conflict which resulted in a devastating Roman defeat

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest: A painting in 1909 depicts the bloody conflict which resulted in a devastating Roman defeat 

He said: 'Maybe we have a ritual context to the situation here. In that case the body and equipment would have been taboo.'

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest saw almost 15,000 Roman soldiers slaughtered at the hands of Germanic soldiers and is considered to be one of the two great military defeats in the Empire's history.

As they travelled through the thick forest towards a winter fort, they were subjected to small hit-and-run attacks by Arminius, a warlord from the Cherusci tribe.

The Romans had been under the command of Publius Quinctilius Varus, a general under the emperor Augustus when they were defeated.

Experts examining the discovery believe that the craftmanship is better than previously thought and that it showed how Roman design changed over the centuries. 

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest 

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest is one of the two great military humiliations in the glittered history of the Roman Empire. 

Between 15,000 and 20,000 Roman soldiers and their commanders, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus, a general under the emperor Augustus, were destroyed by Germanic warriors in a series of guerrilla-style attacks. 

The soldiers were making their way through the Teutoburg Forest towards a winter fort when they were attacked by warriors led by Arminius, a warlord from the Cherusci tribe who would later be known as Herman.

Varus' forces were made up of three Roman legions, six cohorts of auxiliary troops and three squadrons of cavalry. The forces were not marching in combat formation, and were streched out across 9 and 12 miles. 

Germanic warriors, armed with light weapons and long lances, attacked the Romans who found the track they were marching on narrow and muddy, and used tactics aimed at countering the Roman troops.

Arminius had previously become a Roman citizen and had been given a Roman military education.

This enabled him to deceive the Roman commander methodically, anticipating his movements and tactical response to the attacks. 

The three Roman legions were completely destroyed and the few soldiers that survived the attacks were then enslaved by the Germanic warriors. 

The Roman soldiers, who had stretched themselves too thinly, attempted to break away from the Germanic soldiers multiple times but fell into traps set by Arminius on each occasion.

Many Roman officers are said to have taken their own lives by falling on their swords, while other officers were sacrificed by Germanic forces as part of religious ceremonies. 

Following the defeat of the Romans, the Germanic warriors attempted to sweep the Roman presence out of areas East of the Rhine. 

Upon hearing of the defeat, emperor Augustus was so infuriated he was seen hitting his head against the walls out his palace, shouting 'Quintili Vare, legiones redde! (Quintilius Varus, give me back my legions!). 

The battle - described as the 'Varian Disaster' by Roman historians - sparked a seven-year war which ended up deciding on the boundary of the Empire for the following 400 years. 

Despite several successful campaigns following the war, the Romans never again attempted to conquer the Germanic territories east of the Rhine, with the exception of Germania Superior.

15,000 Roman soldiers under the command of Publius Quinctilius Varus were set upon in a series of guerrilla-style attacks launched by Arminius, a warlord from the Cherusci tribe who would later be known as Herman (pictured)

15,000 Roman soldiers under the command of Publius Quinctilius Varus were set upon in a series of guerrilla-style attacks launched by Arminius, a warlord from the Cherusci tribe who would later be known as Herman (pictured)


Ghost of Teutoburg Forest massacre emerges after 2,000 years: Armour of Roman legionary who was 'sacrificed' by Germanic tribesmen and 'cooked in a pot' is found at site of battle where 20,000 soldiers from three legions where wiped out in 9 AD Ghost of Teutoburg Forest massacre emerges after 2,000 years: Armour of Roman legionary who was 'sacrificed' by Germanic tribesmen and 'cooked in a pot' is found at site of battle where 20,000 soldiers from three legions where wiped out in 9 AD Reviewed by STATION GOSSIP on 04:37 Rating: 5

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